Data Center Fire Protection Meeting UBBL Requirement

Perlindungan Kebakaran Pusat Data

Data Center Fire Protection Meeting UBBL Requirement



Data center Fire Protection are critical infrastructures to ensure the safety of sensitive equipment and data. In Malaysia, the Uniform Building By-Laws (UBBL) provide specific requirements for fire protection systems in buildings, including data centers. Moreover, this article explores how data centers can implement fire protection strategies that comply with UBBL requirements, focusing on both passive and active fire protection measures.

Understanding UBBL Requirements

The Uniform Building By-Laws 1984 (UBBL) of Malaysia outline comprehensive fire safety requirements for buildings. Key aspects relevant to data centers include:

  • Compartmentalization: UBBL mandates the use of fire-resistant barriers to compartmentalize areas and limit fire spread.
  • Fire Detection and Alarm Systems: Proper installation of fire detection and alarm systems is required.
  • Fire Suppression Systems: Sprinkler systems and other fire suppression methods must be installed according to UBBL standards.
  • Emergency Exits and Signage: Clearly marked and easily accessible emergency exits and signage are mandated.
  • Firefighting Equipment: Availability of firefighting equipment such as fire extinguishers and hose reels.

Passive Fire Protection Measures

1. Fire-Resistant Construction Materials

UBBL specifies the use of fire-resistant materials in construction to enhance the passive fire protection of data centers. This includes:

  • Walls and Partitions: Use of fire-rated walls and partitions to create fire compartments.
  • Doors: Installation of fire-rated doors that can withstand fire for a specified duration, typically 1-2 hours as per UBBL requirements.
  • Coatings: Application of fire-resistant coatings on structural elements.
2. Firestopping

To comply with UBBL, all penetrations through fire-rated walls and floors should be sealed with approved firestopping materials to maintain the integrity of fire barriers.

3. Fire Dampers and Smoke Dampers

UBBL mandates the installation of fire dampers and smoke dampers in HVAC systems to prevent the spread of fire and smoke through ductwork.

4. Fire-Rated Cable Trays and Conduits

Use fire-resistant cable trays and conduits to protect electrical wiring and prevent fire propagation.

5. Compartmentalization

UBBL requires data centers to be divided into separate fire compartments using fire-rated barriers. This prevents the spread of fire and limits damage to specific areas.


Active Fire Protection Measures

1. Fire Detection and Alarm Systems

Data centers must be equipped with automatic fire detection and alarm systems in compliance with UBBL. These systems should include:

  • Smoke Detectors: Strategically placed to detect smoke early.
  • Heat Detectors: Installed in areas where smoke detectors may not be suitable.
  • Alarm Systems: Audible and visual alarms to alert occupants and initiate evacuation.
2. Fire Suppression Systems

UBBL mandates the installation of fire suppression systems. Common systems include:

  • Sprinkler Systems: Automatic sprinklers designed to control and extinguish fires.
  • Gaseous Fire Suppression Systems: Systems using gases like FM-200 or NOVEC 1230 to suppress fire without damaging electronic equipment.
3. Fire Extinguishers and Hose Reels

Portable fire extinguishers and hose reels should be readily available and accessible, as specified by UBBL.

4. Emergency Lighting and Signage

UBBL requires clearly marked emergency exits and signage, as well as emergency lighting to guide occupants to safety in case of a fire.


Maintenance and Compliance

1. Regular Inspections

Regular inspections and maintenance of fire protection systems are critical to ensure ongoing compliance with UBBL requirements. This includes:

  • Checking Fire Barriers: Ensuring fire-rated walls, doors, and seals are intact and in good condition.
  • Testing Alarms and Detectors: Regular testing of fire detection and alarm systems.
  • Inspecting Suppression Systems: Routine inspection and maintenance of fire suppression systems.
2. Compliance Audits

Conduct periodic compliance audits to ensure that all fire protection measures meet UBBL standards and incorporate any updates to the by-laws into the data center’s fire safety plan.


Implementing comprehensive data center fire protection measures that meet UBBL requirements is essential for the safety and security of data centers. Besides, by combining passive and active fire protection strategies, data centers can effectively prevent, detect, and respond to fires, ensuring minimal disruption and damage. Finally, regular maintenance and compliance checks are crucial to maintaining a robust fire protection system that adheres to UBBL standards.

At AITO FIREWORK, your safety is our top priority. We specialize in comprehensive fire protection, fire safety solutions, and professional fire protection installation services tailored to meet your needs. Don’t wait until it’s too late – safeguard your property and loved ones today.

Call us now at +603-7831 4791 or click here to schedule your free consultation. Your safety is our mission – let’s achieve it together.



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