Smoke Detector Malaysia: How To Choose The Right Smoke Detector?
It is very important for you to know how to choose the right smoke detector.
It is common practice in modern-day living to install smoke detectors into households, commercial, and industrial settings for the safety of the occupants.
What is a smoke detector?
A smoke detector is a device that senses smoke, typically as an indicator of fire. The risk of dying in a home fire is cut in half in homes with working smoke detectors. Some homes do not have any smoke detectors, some smoke detectors do not have working batteries; sometimes the smoke detector fails to detect the fire.
How effective are smoke detectors?
Residential fire deaths have decreased steadily as the number of homes with the right smoke detectors increased. People have nearly a 50% better chance of surviving a fire if their home has the recommended number of smoke detectors.
What are the types of smoke detectors?
Ionization Smoke Detector
Ionization smoke detection is generally more responsive to flaming fires: Ionization type smoke detectors have a small amount of radioactive material between two electrically charged plates, which ionize’s the air and cause current to flow between the plates. When smoke enters the chamber, it disrupts the flow of ions, thus reducing the flow of current and activating the smoke detector.
Photoelectric Smoke Detector
A photoelectric smoke detector operates using a light source, a light beam collimating system and a photoelectric sensor. When smoke enters the optical chamber and crosses the path of the light beam, some light is scattered by the smoke particles, directing it at the sensor and thus activating the smoke detector. This type of smoke detector responds best to slow smoldering fires.
“Photoelectric smoke alarms tend to respond faster to the smoke produced by smouldering fires than ionization smoke alarms.”
Photoelectric alarms are effective in bedrooms, hallways and kitchens where they are less prone to false alarms from cooking than ionization smoke detectors.
Difference Between Ionization and Photoelectric Smoke Detector
|Ionization Smoke Detector||Photoelectric Smoke Detector|
Where is the right place to install and place the smoke detector?
The smoke detector must be screwed to the ceiling as that’s where smoke heads for when something starts to burn. A smoke detector should be placed on each level of your home and each sleeping area. Make sure to choose the right smoke detector for your house and follow the manufacturer’s installation instructions before installing.
How To Choose The Right Smoke Detector?
So, how to choose the right smoke detector for your home or building? It depends on the type of building, the location it’s going to be installed and the type of hazard that is more likely to occur.